Floor Polishing Service
Floors Restored
Residential Sanding Service
27 Years Experience
Floor Renovation Service
Wood Flooring Association Certified

Hardwood Floor Restoration – Wood Floor Restoration Services in London

Posted on May 15, 2023

Wood Floor Restorations Blogs

The Ultimate Guide to Hardwood Floor Restoration

Hardwood floors offer a timeless charm and elegance that are hard to match. Over time, however, even the most durable hardwood floors can lose their lustre due to wear and tear. Fortunately, it’s entirely possible to restore their original beauty through hardwood floor restoration. This comprehensive guide will navigate you through the entire process, from the initial assessment to the final touches.

Hardwood Floor Restoration

Understanding Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors can be broadly categorised into solid and engineered hardwoods. Solid hardwood flooring is exactly what it sounds like: a solid piece of wood throughout, whereas engineered hardwood is made up of layers of wood with a hardwood veneer on top.

The type of hardwood flooring you have can impact the restoration process, as solid hardwood can withstand more rounds of sanding and refinishing compared to engineered hardwood.

Hardwood Floors

When Is Restoration Needed?

Hardwood floor restoration is typically needed when there’s substantial wear and tear. Signs that your hardwood floor might need restoration include:

  • Deep scratches or gouges that cannot be fixed with a simple touch-up
  • Discoloration due to sunlight exposure, spills, or age
  • Worn-out finish, making the wood look dull and lifeless.
  • Board damage due to water, pests, or moving heavy furniture
Hardwood Floors restoration

What Does Hardwood Floor Restoration Involve?

The hardwood floor restoration process generally involves the following steps:

  1. Assessing the condition of the floor
  2. Preparing the area for restoration
  3. Sanding the floor to remove the old finish and surface damage
  4. Filling in any gaps or cracks
  5. Staining the floor (optional)
  6. Applying a new finish to protect the floor and enhance its appearance

Tools and Materials Required

Restoring a hardwood floor requires several tools and materials. These include:

  • Drum sander and edger
  • Sandpaper of various grits
  • Wood filler
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Wood stain (optional)
  • Polyurethane finish or another type of wood floor finish
  • Applicator pads or brushes

It’s also crucial to have safety equipment like dust masks, safety goggles, and ear protection.

The Hardwood Floor Restoration Process

Step 1: Preparing the Area

Before you start the restoration process, remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room. It’s also a good idea to cover vents, doors, and windows to prevent dust from spreading throughout your home.

Step 2: Sanding the Floor

Sanding is usually the most labor-intensive part of the restoration process. Start with a coarse-grit sandpaper to remove the old finish and any surface damage. Then, progressively switch to medium and fine-grit sandpaper to smooth out the wood.

Step 3: Cleaning Up

After sanding, vacuum the floor thoroughly to remove dust. It’s also recommended to wipe the floor with a damp cloth to ensure it’s completely clean before you move on to the next steps.

Step 4: Filling Gaps and Cracks

If there are any gaps or cracks in the floor, fill them in with wood filler. Once the filler has dried, sand the areas smooth.

Step 5: Staining the Floor

Staining is optional, but it can enhance the natural beauty of the wood and give your floor a new look. If you decide to stain your floor, apply the stain evenly and allow it to dry before moving on to the next step.

How to Stain a Wood Floor

Step 6: Applying the Finish

The final step is to apply a new finish to the floor. This will protect the wood and give it a fresh, new look. Polyurethane finishes are popular due to their durability and ease of application. Apply the finish with an applicator pad or brush, following the wood grain for a smooth result.

Depending on the finish you choose, you may need to apply several coats. Be sure to allow ample drying time between each coat. Once the final coat has been applied, wait a few days before moving furniture back into the room to allow the finish to fully cure.

Experience superior floor lacquering with the Mr Sander®.

Post-Restoration Care and Maintenance

Restoring your hardwood floor can transform the look of your home. But the process doesn’t end there. Proper maintenance is key to keeping your floors looking their best for years to come.

  1. Regular Cleaning: Dust and grit can scratch your floor’s finish over time. Regular sweeping or vacuuming can help prevent this.
  2. Prevent Water Damage: Water is a hardwood floor’s worst enemy. Wipe up spills promptly, and avoid using wet mops for cleaning.
  3. Use Rugs and Mats: Placing rugs or mats in high-traffic areas can help protect your floor from wear and tear.
  4. Furniture Pads: Use furniture pads under the legs of heavy furniture to prevent scratches and dents.
  5. Regular Refinishing: Depending on the level of foot traffic, hardwood floors typically need to be refinished every 7–10 years.

When to Call a Professional

While this guide provides a thorough overview of the hardwood floor restoration process, it’s a labour-intensive task that requires a certain level of skill and experience. If you’re not comfortable doing it yourself or if your floor is severely damaged, it might be best to hire a professional.

Professional floor refinishers have the tools and expertise to restore your floor efficiently and effectively, and they can handle any unexpected issues that may arise during the process.


Hardwood floors add warmth, character, and value to your home. Over time, they may show signs of wear, but with the right care and maintenance, they can last for generations.

Whether you choose to restore your hardwood floor yourself or hire a professional, the process can greatly enhance the look of your home. With a bit of effort and care, you can enjoy the timeless beauty of your hardwood floor for many years to come.

Some Useful Links:

More from our Blog:

Refinishing Parquet Flooring: Ultimate Guide for London Homes

The Complete Guide to Restoring Your Hardwood Floors

Real Wood Floor Sanding in London – Your Comprehensive Guide

London Hardwood Floor Restoration – Comprehensive Guide | Preserve Your Home’s Charm

Successful Wood Floor Sanding – Mr Sander® Guide

Four cheerful customers holding up signs with the Mr. Sander logo and the text 'We give Mr. Sander 5 stars', showing their satisfaction with the service provided.
Floor Sanding Service


We provide virtually dust-free sanding with our continuous belt machinery with mobile extraction units, giving you a safer environment for your family.

Floor Oiling Service


This organic finish not only adds beauty to your home but also has exceptional water-repellent characteristics, making it easier to clean and maintain.

Floor Waxing Service


This natural floor finish offers the softest and most mellow appearance – and leaves your floor able to breath.

Floor Buffing Service


Using soft buffing machines (and hand-polishing where required) will bring a wonderful sheen to your newly-finished floor.

Wood Floor Repairs


We offer a full assessment of your wooden floors to determine what repairs are needed to provide the perfect working surface for the later stages of sanding, staining and sealing. 

Floor Restoration Service


We offer a comprehensive restoration process designed to address floors that are improperly fitted or damaged over time through wear and tear.

Request a fixed price quote for your wood floor restoration now

Simply enter your postcode below to get started.