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Easy Guide to Wood Floor Sanding & Polishing | DIY in 5 Steps

Posted on June 30, 2023


5 Simple Steps to a Beautiful Wood Floor Sanding and Polishing

Having beautiful, polished wood floors can do wonders for the aesthetics of your home. Yet, maintaining the gleam and shine of your wooden floors is not a walk in the park. It requires regular sanding and polishing to keep them looking their best. Fear not, as this blog post will guide you through five simple steps to achieve a beautiful wood floor after sanding and polishing.


In general, the purpose of sanding and polishing wood floors is to remove the top surface that might have been worn out or damaged and then polish it to have a shiny, like-new finish. It might sound daunting, but with the right tools and steps, you can rejuvenate your wooden floors and bring back their original luster.

Step 1: Preparation: The Key to Successful Sanding and Polishing

Before you start, you need to prepare the area you’re working on. This includes removing all furniture and rugs, covering any items you can’t move, and thoroughly cleaning the floor to remove any dust or grime. Mr Sander® in action, efficiently sanding a herringbone floor in West Hampstead, NW6. Utilising a Bona belt sander with 2200W power, 230V voltage, and 50Hz frequency, attached to a HEPA filter dust extraction system, delivering impeccable, dust-free results.

Clear the space.

Remove all the furniture from the room. This ensures that you have an open area to work in without any obstructions. If there are items that are too heavy to move, cover them with a drop cloth to protect them from dust.

Clean the floor.

Use a soft broom or vacuum cleaner to remove any dust, dirt, or debris from the floor. Any particles left behind can cause scratches during the sanding process. Also, it’s crucial to check for any nails or screws that might be sticking out, as they can damage your sanding machine.

Step 2: Choose the Right Sanding Equipment

The type of sanding machine you choose will depend on the size and condition of your floor. Drum sanders are powerful and excellent for large areas and floors in poor conditions. Orbital sanders are less aggressive and better suited for smaller spaces or floors in good condition. Mr Sander® skilfully restoring a herringbone floor in West Hampstead, NW6, using a Bona belt sander with a power output of 2200W, 220V voltage, 60Hz frequency, and size of 200x750 mm. This process is complemented by a HEPA filter dust extraction system, ensuring a clean and highly efficient operation.

Rent or Buy?

Unless you plan to do frequent sanding, it’s more cost-effective to rent a sanding machine than to buy one. You can find rental options at most home improvement stores.

Step 3: Sanding: It’s All About Technique

Sanding is a methodical process that takes time. Don’t rush it. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper to remove the old finish and scratches, then gradually work your way to a finer grit to smooth the surface.

Sanding Direction

Always sand along the grain of the wood, not against it. This will reduce the risk of causing damage to your floors and will result in a smoother finish.

Multiple Sanding Passes

Remember to make multiple passes with the sanding machine. Start with a coarse grit, like 40-grit sandpaper, for the initial pass. Then, switch to a medium grit, like 80-grit, for the second pass. Finally, make a third pass with a fine grit, such as 120-grit sandpaper, to smooth out the floor.

Step 4: Clean Up and Prepare for Polishing

After sanding, your floor will be covered in dust. It’s critical to clean this up before moving on to the polishing stage, as any remaining dust can ruin the finish.

Vacuum Thoroughly

Use a vacuum cleaner to remove the majority of the dust. Then, wipe the floor with a damp cloth or mop to pick up any remaining particles.

Allow the Floor to dry.

Before moving on to polishing, make sure the floor is completely dry. If the floor is damp, it can cause the polish to bubble and not adhere properly.

Step 5: Polishing: Bring Out the Shine

Polishing your wood floor gives it a glossy, protective finish that enhances its natural beauty. It’s the final step in your wood floor restoration process, and it’s what gives your floors that ‘wow’ factor.

Choose Your Polish

There are many types of floor polish available on the market. Some are specifically designed for certain types of wood, so make sure you choose the right one for your floors.

Apply the polish.

Use a floor buffer or polish applicator to apply the polish in a thin, even layer. Start in one corner of the room and work your way towards the exit, so you don’t walk on the freshly polished floor.

Let the Polish dry.

Allow the polish to dry for at least 24 hours before walking on the floor. This gives it time to harden and provide a durable finish.


Sanding and polishing your wood floors might require some effort, but the results are worth it. Your floors will look shiny and new, adding beauty and value to your home. With the right equipment and these five simple steps, you can take your wood floors from dull and lifeless to stunning and vibrant. Remember that regular maintenance is key to keeping your wood floors in top condition. Keep them clean, avoid wearing shoes with sharp heels, and consider using rugs in high-traffic areas to protect the wood. With proper care, your polished wood floors can last a lifetime. You don’t have to be an expert to sand and polish your wooden floors; all you need is a little patience and the willingness to learn. Happy sanding and polishing!

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Understanding the Risks Involved in Sanding Floorboards Top Reasons to Use Bona Traffic for Your High-Traffic Wooden Floors Top 10 Questions About Wood Floor Sanding Answered Repair Parquet Flooring in Your London Home By Hiring Mr Sander® Company Successfully Renovate Any Type of Wood Flooring in the Home  
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We provide virtually dust-free sanding with our continuous belt machinery with mobile extraction units, giving you a safer environment for your family.

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This organic finish not only adds beauty to your home but also has exceptional water-repellent characteristics, making it easier to clean and maintain.

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This natural floor finish offers the softest and most mellow appearance – and leaves your floor able to breath.

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Using soft buffing machines (and hand-polishing where required) will bring a wonderful sheen to your newly-finished floor.

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We offer a full assessment of your wooden floors to determine what repairs are needed to provide the perfect working surface for the later stages of sanding, staining and sealing. 

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We offer a comprehensive restoration process designed to address floors that are improperly fitted or damaged over time through wear and tear.

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