The Floor Sanding Experts Are Now Mr Sander®

Learn More ➔
Floor Polishing Service
Floors Restored
Residential Sanding Service
27 Years Experience
Floor Renovation Service
Wood Flooring Association Certified

Hardwood Floor Sanding in London: A Journey Through Time

Posted on April 27, 2023


Interesting Facts About Hardwood Floor Sanding in London: A Journey Through Time, Techniques, and Craftsmanship

Hardwood floor sanding is a process that has been used for centuries to restore and refinish wooden floors. London, with its rich history and abundant period properties, is a treasure trove for wood flooring enthusiasts. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating world of hardwood floor sanding in London, exploring the history, techniques, and benefits of this craft, along with some exciting local insights. Let’s embark on a 3,000-word journey into the mesmerising world of wood floor restoration.

18 century wood floor

The History of Hardwood Floor Sanding in London

  1. Ancient Beginnings

The history of wood floor sanding dates back to ancient times, with evidence of wood flooring found in archaeological sites across Europe. It was the Greeks and Romans who first introduced wood flooring to Britain, laying the foundation for what would become a thriving industry in London.

History of Hardwood Floor Sanding in London
  1. The Rise of Craftsmanship

The 17th and 18th centuries marked the rise of the British wood flooring industry. Craftsmen, particularly in London, began using different wood species and intricate patterns to create stunning floor designs. Parquet flooring, for example, became popular in the 17th century and involved arranging small wooden blocks in geometric patterns.

  1. Victorian Influence

During the Victorian era, hardwood floors were a symbol of wealth and luxury. Londoners with means would adorn their homes with intricate wood designs and patterns. The Industrial Revolution brought about advancements in wood production and floor sanding techniques, making hardwood floors more accessible to the middle class.

Victorian era, hardwood floors
  1. 20th Century Innovations

In the 20th century, hardwood floor sanding techniques continued to evolve. London became a hub for innovation as new tools and materials were developed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the sanding process.

20th Century Innovations

The process of hardwood floor sanding

  1. Inspection and preparation

The first step in hardwood floor sanding is a thorough inspection of the floor to assess its condition and identify any repairs needed. This may involve fixing loose boards, replacing damaged areas, and addressing any moisture issues. Once the floor is ready, all furniture and fixtures are removed, and the area is sealed off to contain dust.

  1. Coarse Sanding

The actual sanding process begins with coarse sanding to remove the old finish and level the floor. A drum or belt sander is typically used for this step, starting with low-grit sandpaper and gradually increasing the grit level. This step can be labour-intensive, particularly for large or heavily damaged floors.

Coarse Sanding
  1. Fine Sanding

Once the coarse sanding is complete, the floor is sanded again using finer sandpaper to smooth the surface and remove any remaining imperfections. This step is essential for achieving a uniform and even finish.

Wood Floor Sanding Tips  
  1. Edge Sanding

To ensure a consistent finish, the edges and corners of the room are sanded using an edge sander. This smaller, handheld tool allows for precision sanding in tight spaces that the larger machines cannot reach.

  1. Buffing and vacuuming

The final step in the sanding process is buffing the floor with a buffer or rotary sander to remove any remaining sanding marks. The floor is then thoroughly vacuumed to remove all dust and debris before applying the finish.

  1. Finishing

The choice of finish depends on the desired look and the level of protection needed. Popular finishes include oil, wax, lacquer, and varnish. The finish is applied using a brush, roller, or applicator pad, and multiple coats may be necessary for optimal durability.

Applying the stain

Interesting Facts About Hardwood Floor Sanding in London

  1. Historic Properties and Restoration Challenges

London is home to many historic properties with original hardwood floors, making floor restoration a significant aspect of maintaining the city’s architectural heritage. Restoring floors in historic buildings can present unique challenges, such as working with rare wood species, matching intricate patterns, and adhering to strict preservation guidelines. London’s skilled craftsmen are well-versed in overcoming these challenges to breathe new life into ageing floors while preserving their historic integrity.

Historic Properties and Restoration
  1. Dustless floor sanding

In recent years, dustless floor sanding has become increasingly popular in London. This innovative technique utilises specialised sanding machines with integrated vacuum systems to capture dust as it is generated. Dustless sanding offers numerous benefits, including improved air quality, reduced cleanup time, and a better overall finish. Many London homeowners and businesses now opt for dustless sanding to minimise disruption and create a healthier environment during the restoration process.

  1. Sustainable Wood Sourcing

London’s floor restoration industry is becoming increasingly eco-conscious, with many professionals prioritising sustainable wood sourcing. Reclaimed wood from demolished buildings or salvaged from riverbeds is often used for repairs or new installations, reducing the demand for virgin timber. Additionally, many London-based companies work with certified sustainable wood suppliers, ensuring that their products are sourced from well-managed forests.

Sustainable Wood Sourcing
  1. Bespoke Floors and Artistic Craftsmanship

London is a city known for its artistic flair, and this is evident in the world of hardwood floor sanding. Many London-based craftsmen are skilled in creating bespoke floors tailored to individual preferences, incorporating unique patterns, borders, and inlays. Custom floor designs not only add visual interest but can also increase a property’s value, making them a popular choice for discerning homeowners.

Bespoke Floors and Artistic Craftsmanship
  1. A Thriving Industry and Community

The hardwood floor sanding industry in London is a thriving community of passionate professionals dedicated to preserving and enhancing the city’s architectural heritage. From local workshops and trade shows to online forums and social media groups, London’s floor sanding community is always eager to share knowledge, tips, and tricks of the trade. This collaborative spirit ensures that London remains at the forefront of hardwood floor restoration and innovation.

Some Useful Links:


Hardwood floor sanding in London is a fascinating blend of history, craftsmanship, and innovation. From ancient beginnings to modern advancements, London has consistently been a hub for wood floor restoration, with skilled professionals maintaining and enhancing the city’s architectural legacy. Whether you are a homeowner looking to restore your floors, a history buff interested in London’s wood flooring heritage, or a fellow craftsman seeking inspiration, the world of hardwood floor sanding in London offers a wealth of fascinating facts and insights.

More from our Blog:

Mastering Floorboards Sanding: Tips & Techniques for Stunning Results Key Questions to Ask before Selecting A Floor Sanding Company What are the Different Types of Wood Floor Sanding and Polishing? Sanding Wood Floor Boards: Essential Tips That Work Wonders

Floor Sanding Service


We provide virtually dust-free sanding with our continuous belt machinery with mobile extraction units, giving you a safer environment for your family.

Floor Oiling Service


This organic finish not only adds beauty to your home but also has exceptional water-repellent characteristics, making it easier to clean and maintain.

Floor Waxing Service


This natural floor finish offers the softest and most mellow appearance – and leaves your floor able to breath.

Floor Buffing Service


Using soft buffing machines (and hand-polishing where required) will bring a wonderful sheen to your newly-finished floor.

Wood Floor Repairs


We offer a full assessment of your wooden floors to determine what repairs are needed to provide the perfect working surface for the later stages of sanding, staining and sealing. 

Floor Restoration Service


We offer a comprehensive restoration process designed to address floors that are improperly fitted or damaged over time through wear and tear.

Request a fixed price quote for your wood floor restoration now

Simply enter your postcode below to get started.