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Floor Sanding Basics Part 2 | How to Sand A Floor

Posted on July 19, 2023

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Comprehensive Guide to Sanding Wood Floors – Part 2

Sanding a wooden floor can seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and tools, it can be a satisfying DIY project that saves you time and money. In Part 1, we discussed the preparation and importance of a dust-free space, safety measures, and the selection of the right sanding tools. Here, in Part 2, we dive into the actual process of sanding a floor, step by step. Mr Sander® masterfully sanding a herringbone floor in Crystal Palace, SE19, using a 2.2 kW, 220V, 60Hz, 250x750 mm Bona belt sander. Integrated with a HEPA-filtered dust extraction system for pristine, efficient results.

Understanding the Sanding Process

Before we begin, it’s crucial to understand that the sanding process comprises three primary stages: rough, medium, and fine sanding. Each of these stages is intended to gradually reduce the surface roughness of the floor, leading to a smooth finish that’s ready for staining or sealing.

Rough Sanding

This initial phase is about removing old finishes, surface stains, scratches, and levelling the floor. We use coarse-grit sandpaper, usually between 24 and 36 grit, depending on the condition of the floor.

Medium Sanding

In the medium phase, we aim to remove the scratch marks left by the coarse-grit paper. We switch to medium-grit paper, typically 50–60 grit.

Fine Sanding

In the final sanding phase, the objective is to smooth out the surface as much as possible. Here, we use a fine-grit paper, commonly 80–100 grit, to achieve a polished, smooth finish.

Step 1: Beginning with Rough Sanding

The first step in the actual sanding process is rough sanding.

Choosing the Right Sandpaper

Choose a coarse-grit sandpaper that best fits your needs. If the floor is severely damaged or has a thick layer of finish or paint, 24-grit sandpaper is a good choice. If the floor is in better condition, you may start with 36-grit paper.

Sanding Techniques

Ensure the drum sander is turned on before it comes into contact with the floor. Starting at one end of the room, sand along the grain of the wood, not against it. Move the sander steadily and never let it sit idle on one spot, as it can cause depressions in the floor.

Inspecting Your Progress

After completing the first pass, inspect the floor carefully. You should see a noticeable difference where the sander has passed. Repeat the process if necessary, but remember that over-sanding can thin your floor and potentially damage it. Sanding a Herringbone Floor with Precision | Mr Sander® Utilize a Powerful 2.2 kW Bona Belt Sander | Dust Extraction System with HEPA Filter Ensures Clean and Efficient Results | Size: 250x750 mm | Voltage: 220V | Frequency: 60Hz.

Step 2: Transitioning to Medium Sanding

Once you’re satisfied with the results of the rough sanding, it’s time to switch to medium-grit sandpaper.

Switching Sandpaper

Now, replace your coarse-grit sandpaper with medium-grit paper. This is a crucial step, as this grit will effectively remove the scratches left by the initial coarse-grit paper.

Follow the Same technique.

Continue to sand the floor using the same technique as before, maintaining steady, even movements. Check your progress frequently and ensure you’re not missing any spots. Professional Herringbone Floor Sanding by Mr Sander® | High-Powered 2.2 kW Bona Belt Sander | Efficient Dust Extraction System with HEPA Filter | Precise Sanding for Flawless Results | Transforming Your Herringbone Floor with Expert Craftsmanship.

Step 3: Concluding with Fine Sanding

The final phase of the sanding process is the fine sanding, which will give the floor its smooth finish.

Time for Fine Grit

Replace your medium-grit paper with fine-grit paper. This will polish the floor, smoothing out any remaining irregularities and providing a finish that’s ready for staining or sealing.

The Final Sanding Run

Make the final sanding pass over the entire floor, maintaining the same steady, even motion. At this stage, the floor should become notably smoother. Expert floor sanding in action on a herringbone pattern floor in Aldershot, GU11. A 2.2 kW Bona belt sander with a dust extraction system and HEPA filter is used by the Premier Floor Sanding team to ensure a clean and efficient restoration process.

Step 4: Corner and Edge Sanding

Remember, the drum sander can’t reach the corners and edges of your room. For this, you will need an edge sander or a handheld orbital sander.

Careful Sanding

Sand the edges and corners carefully, following the same grit sequence as with the rest of the floor. Be careful not to dig into the wood, as these machines can be quite powerful.

Step 5: Clean and Inspect

After the sanding process is complete, thoroughly clean the floor. Then, inspect it carefully under good light for any missed spots or imperfections. If you find any, you might need to spot-sand these areas.

Step 6: Prepare for Finishing

Now that your floor is sanded and smooth, it’s ready for finishing. In the next part of this series, we’ll discuss choosing the right finish and how to apply it for a stunning result. Sanding a wood floor can be a long, laborious process, but the end result—a beautifully smooth, revitalised wooden floor—makes all that effort worthwhile. With the steps detailed above, you should be well-equipped to tackle your wood floor sanding project. Remember, the key is patience, careful technique, and the right tools. Good luck!

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We provide virtually dust-free sanding with our continuous belt machinery with mobile extraction units, giving you a safer environment for your family.

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This organic finish not only adds beauty to your home but also has exceptional water-repellent characteristics, making it easier to clean and maintain.

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This natural floor finish offers the softest and most mellow appearance – and leaves your floor able to breath.

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Using soft buffing machines (and hand-polishing where required) will bring a wonderful sheen to your newly-finished floor.

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We offer a full assessment of your wooden floors to determine what repairs are needed to provide the perfect working surface for the later stages of sanding, staining and sealing. 

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