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Comprehensive Guide to Hardwood Floor Finishes: Customization, Top Coats & Sanding

Posted on May 5, 2023


Master the Art of Hardwood Floor Finishes: Customization, Top Coats, and Floorboard Sanding Explained

Hardwood flooring is a popular choice among homeowners for its natural beauty, durability, and versatility. One of the key factors contributing to the appeal of hardwood floors is the wide range of finishing options available, allowing homeowners to customise their floors to match their personal style and preferences. In this blog post, we will delve into the world of hardwood floor finishes, exploring surface finishing, top coat options, and techniques for achieving a truly customised look. We will also discuss the process of floorboard sanding and its role in updating and maintaining your hardwood floors. wood floor Surface Finishing

Section 1: Surface Finishing: Staining for Customization and Emulation

Surface finishing, or staining, is the process of applying a pigmented solution to the wood surface to alter its colour and appearance. Staining is often used to achieve a variety of purposes, including:
  1. Customising the wood colour: Staining allows homeowners to personalise their hardwood floors by choosing a colour that complements their interior design and personal taste. From light, natural hues to deep, rich tones, the possibilities are virtually endless.
  2. Emulating other wood species: Staining can be used to achieve the look of a more expensive or exotic wood species without the high cost. For example, a more affordable wood, such as oak or maple, can be stained to resemble the dark, luxurious appearance of ebony.
However, it is essential to approach wood staining with caution and consideration, as not all wood species stain equally well. The resulting colour may not always be as desired and may even take on unwanted hues, depending on the wood species and stain used. Additionally, to truly emulate a specific wood species, it is crucial to choose a base wood with a similar grain pattern. Wood-floor-Staining-for-Customization.

Section 2: Top Coat Options: Urethanes and Penetrating Finishes

Following surface finishing, a top coat is applied to seal in the colour and provide protection against everyday wear and tear. The most common options for top coats include:
  1. Urethanes: Urethane finishes are available in water-based and oil-based formulations. They create a protective layer on the surface of the wood, making them highly durable and resistant to scratches, scuffs, and stains.a. Water-based urethanes: Water-based urethanes are low in volatile organic compounds (VOCs), making them a more environmentally friendly option. They also dry faster than oil-based urethanes and provide a clear, non-yellowing finish. b. Oil-based urethanes: Oil-based urethanes typically offer a thicker, more durable finish than water-based urethanes. However, they have a higher VOC content and take longer to dry. Oil-based urethanes also tend to turn amber over time, giving the wood a warm, golden hue.
  2. Penetrating finishes: Unlike urethanes, penetrating finishes (such as oils and waxes) are absorbed into the wood fibres, providing protection without forming a surface film. This type of finish enhances the wood’s natural beauty and provides a more matte, low-sheen appearance. Penetrating finishes require more frequent maintenance as they do not provide the same level of protection as urethane finishes.

Section 3: Floorboard Sanding: Updating and Maintaining Your Hardwood Floors

Floorboard sanding is the process of abrading the surface of your hardwood floors to remove the existing finish and prepare the wood for a new finish application. This process offers several advantages, including:
  1. Updating your floors: Sanding allows homeowners to update their hardwood floors by removing the existing stain and finish, providing a blank canvas for a new colour and finish application. This flexibility enables you to make decorating changes without the need for a complete flooring replacement.
  1. Repairing surface damage: Sanding can remove scratches, dents, and other surface imperfections, restoring the appearance of your hardwood floors. This process can save you the cost and hassle of replacing damaged boards.
  2. Refinishing worn floors: Over time, the finish on hardwood floors can wear down, making them more susceptible to damage and reducing their aesthetic appeal. Sanding and refinishing your hardwood floors can breathe new life into them, providing a fresh, protective layer that prolongs their lifespan.
  3. Levelling uneven floors: Floorboard sanding can help to level out any unevenness in your hardwood floors, resulting in a smoother and more uniform surface.
Wood Floor Sanding

Section 4: Tips for a Successful Floorboard Sanding and Refinishing Project


To ensure a successful floorboard sanding and refinishing project, consider the following tips:

  1. Hire a professional: While some homeowners may be tempted to tackle floorboard sanding as a DIY project, hiring a professional is often the best choice. Professionals have the experience, tools, and knowledge to ensure a high-quality result with minimal disruption to your living environment. 2. Prepare the space: Before the sanding process begins, remove all furniture, area rugs, and any other items from the room. It’s also a good idea to seal off doorways and vents with plastic sheeting to minimise the spread of dust throughout your home. 3. Choose the right finish: When selecting a new finish for your hardwood floors, consider factors such as durability, maintenance requirements, and the desired aesthetic. Consult with your flooring professional to determine the best finish option for your specific needs and preferences. 4. Allow for adequate drying time: After your hardwood floors have been sanded and the new finish has been applied, it’s essential to allow for adequate drying time before moving furniture back into the space or walking on the floors. Drying times can vary depending on the type of finish used, so consult with your flooring professional for guidance. 5. Plan for regular maintenance. To keep your newly refinished hardwood floors looking their best, plan for regular cleaning and maintenance. Sweep or vacuum regularly to remove dust and dirt, and damp mop as needed using a cleaner specifically designed for hardwood floors. Additionally, consider applying a protective maintenance coat every few years to maintain the floor’s appearance and prolong its life.

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Hardwood flooring offers numerous customization options through surface finishing and top coat applications, allowing you to achieve the perfect look for your home. By understanding the various finishing options available and following proper maintenance practises, you can ensure that your hardwood floors remain beautiful and durable for years to come. Don’t be afraid to explore the world of hardwood floor finishes and embrace the flexibility and versatility they provide, giving your living space a truly personalised touch.
Floor Sanding Service


We provide virtually dust-free sanding with our continuous belt machinery with mobile extraction units, giving you a safer environment for your family.

Floor Oiling Service


This organic finish not only adds beauty to your home but also has exceptional water-repellent characteristics, making it easier to clean and maintain.

Floor Waxing Service


This natural floor finish offers the softest and most mellow appearance – and leaves your floor able to breath.

Floor Buffing Service


Using soft buffing machines (and hand-polishing where required) will bring a wonderful sheen to your newly-finished floor.

Wood Floor Repairs


We offer a full assessment of your wooden floors to determine what repairs are needed to provide the perfect working surface for the later stages of sanding, staining and sealing. 

Floor Restoration Service


We offer a comprehensive restoration process designed to address floors that are improperly fitted or damaged over time through wear and tear.

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